DIY Infrared Sauna Ultimate Guide [2021]

If you have the means and desire to build your own diy infrared sauna, there is no better way to get exactly what you want than by designing your own. In fact, I would design my own sauna over purchasing a pre made infrared sauna one hundred percent of the time. However, there are some things to know before you dive in on your own.

written by Christopher Kiggins | DIY Infrared Sauna Enthusiast
written by Christopher Kiggins | DIY Infrared Sauna Enthusiast

chris@saunacloud.com | 800.370.0820

Before I built my own diy infrared sauna and wrote this infrared sauna kit tutorial, I did a lot of research. I looked into the types of wood and what infrared light source penetrates deepest. I concluded I would need some professional help.

This turned out to be a great success as I got exactly what I needed. The price was the same as purchasing one of the biggest portable units on the market.

 

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Sauna Specifications

 
 

Key Takeaways:

 It is impossible to heat a diy infrared sauna properly and get amazing health benefits without “Full Spectrum sauna” heaters. You need high-powered heat.

 You can’t buy an all-in-one sauna carbon panel heater kit that will fit your sauna perfectly. It won’t heat your space adequately.

Cedar wood is the best. It is resistant to warping and cracking as there is a broad range of temperatures in saunas. It’s also naturally anti-bacterial and anti-fungal.

 Warranty length is important. Companies dictate the length of their warranty with how long they believe their heaters will last.

Request a Custom Infrared Sauna Quote

 

Get a Free Custom Sauna Quote

 

Sauna Specifications

 
 

Should You Build Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna? Should You Build Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna?

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

Should You Build Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna?

Over the last eight years I’ve sold thousands of custom infrared saunas in every variation. From traditional sauna retrofits to walk-in closet sauna conversions. I have also done hot yoga studio saunas, outdoor infrared saunas and new construction.

Each has their challenges. The first thing you must do is understand how your room will perform as an infrared sauna. Does it have four walls? Does it have a door? How high is the ceiling? Is the floor and ceiling flat?

The most important thing to know is that infrared saunas work better in smaller spaces. Lower ceiling heights (of 7′ to 8′ maximum) work the best. Bigger rooms are definitely doable (and we have done 28′ x 28′ x 9′ infrared rooms). However, they aren’t as ideal as you need to be closer to the infrared heaters to get the heavy metals detoxing benefits.

I aim to help you make your own sauna correctly so you can get so many other great light therapy benefits that include, better blood circulation, pain relief, faster wound healing, a boosted immune system and so much more.

Where do you want your new custom sauna to go?

Before you decide to go ahead and build your own infrared sauna you will want to decide where you want it to go. You can use any space to design and fit your infrared sauna into. Yet, my suggestion for your sauna would be an extra bathroom, an unused laundry room or walk in closet. 

I had a couple of options, myself. I wanted to use the smaller of two spaces I had available. I decided upon an extra closet as opposed to taking over one of my extra bathrooms. The closet was a nice size – 5’ x 7’ x 10’. It was windowless but still had enough room for a deep bench and floor space.

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

You can also…

Convert an existing hot rock sauna into infrared

A lot of people have old hot rock saunas from the 1970’s that need a serious upgrade. Infrared heaters can easily be placed into a sauna that used to be a traditional/hot rock sauna. The caveat is that traditional saunas tend to be a bit bigger than infrared. Be aware that you will need a 240 volt line and may have to do a bit of woodworking. 

Old hot rock saunas usually have nice, clear tongue and groove cedar wood that can be sanded if there are old sweat stains. Not having to replace the wood on the walls will save a lot of money on upfront cost. 

What is the height of your ceiling?

Infrared works by raising your core temperature. You need to have the air temperature in the 110 – 125°F range. If your ceilings are above 8 feet, the hot air will rise and not allow for the room to properly heat.

I always recommend framing the room off and installing a drop/false ceiling so it is no higher than 8 feet. Ideally, you would do 7 or 7.5 feet. I chose 7.5’ and added a few extra watts.

New Construction

About half of the custom infrared saunas we do are a newly constructed house, day spa, gym or apartment complex. The thing most architects do wrong is make the space for the sauna too large. You heard me right. You want to keep the dimensions of the room a bit smaller for infrared. 6′ x 8′ or 8′ x 8′ would be about the limit.

Make sure that when you are designing your sauna you take into account that tongue and groove wood takes up 1″ on all walls. This will make the interior dimensions 1″ smaller.

DIY Sauna Configuration and Dimensions DIY Sauna Configuration and Dimensions

Decide On Your Door Location and Size

Doors vary in size—sauna doors tend to be on the narrower side (24″ width). Normal size doors are 36″ wide and 80″ high. This is ok for an infrared sauna. However, most custom saunas don’t have any windows—the only option for looking out is through an all-glass door. The bigger the door, the more glass it will have and the more expensive it will be. 
 
All commercial saunas will require an ADA compliant door, which is 36″ wide. ADA saunas will also need a 5′ diameter on the floor of the sauna. That way a wheelchair can make a full 360° turn.
 
Should you decide to go with a glass door, get a shower-screen type door which is 10mm thick, tempered glass.

Decide On Your Bench Location(s)

The bench locations are as important as anything in your sauna as it’s where you’ll be spending all of your time. So you better be comfortable.

One helpful tip is that if you’re going to have a flat bench and flat backrest, you’ll have to put an eternal, moveable backrest on top of the bench. Doing this will take inches off of the depth of the bench. If your bench and backrest are flat, make the depth 3-4″ deeper to account for the lost space from the external backrest.
 
Here is an example sauna showing the bench and door locations:

Why Western Red Cedar Wood is Best Why Western Red Cedar Wood is Best

When I first became involved in the sauna industry, I assumed that people picked their wood based on their home decorating scheme. Pick the color you like best, right?
 
These saunas are serious pieces of furniture. Large boxes of elegant wood that go in the corner of a workout room, or on a deck overlooking a beautiful backyard. The more I learned about saunas, the more I discovered that the type of wood used is more important than looks alone. Every material in a sauna has the potential to affect a user’s health and sauna experience.

Why Wood Matters Within Infrared Saunas

The type of wood makes a difference in how well the sauna will age, and how well it will stand up to repeated use. The wood type will also determine how clean it will stay over time.

Many woods are too soft to use in a sauna environment (like Hemlock and Poplar) or too low in strength (like Pine). There are also hardwoods like Eucalyptus, which are too stiff to handle the constant heating up and cooling down in the sauna.

Why Western Red Canadian Cedar Wood is Best
Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna
Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

Western Red Canadian Cedar Wood is among the softest wood available for saunas. This makes it the best for custom sauna applications as it doesn’t warp or crack. Saunas vary widely in temperature. In the Winter they are frozen. In the Summer, they stay hot. Protecting from cracking (and leaking) are important.

Very often we do a traditional/hot-rock sauna conversion to infrared where the wood is from the 1970’s and it is in perfect condition. If cared for, it lasts forever.

Western red cedar has the ideal density for saunas, coming in at a spry 23 pounds per cubic foot. It balances between being a soft-wood that is strong enough to keep its shape.
 
It’s also a great thermal insulator due to this relatively low density and to its high proportion of air space. 
 

Infrared saunas are dry (unlike traditional steam saunas). This reduces the likelihood of fungal and bacterial growth. However, antiseptic wood qualities are still desirable since a sauna is a place where you go to sweat. This brings moisture, fungus and bacteria.

Cedar is antimicrobial and antibacterial, which prevents the growth of fungus or other allergens. No other wood keeps itself cleaner in a sauna.

Because of Cedar’s hardiness in wet conditions (and its natural ability to repel insects), it has been the choice of traditional steam saunas for hundreds of years–even outdoors.

It also has the classic cedar smell–need I say more?

Why You Need Full Spectrum DIY Why You Need Full Spectrum DIY

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

The Importance of Heater Surface Temperature

You can not heat a custom infrared space that is larger than 3.5′ x 3.5′ x 7′ without full spectrum infrared heaters.

If you purchase an all in one heater kit that is only carbon heaters, you are bound to be disappointed.

How near, mid and far infrared works

The surface temperature of the heater is going to determine the infrared wavelength that is absorbed into your body. The longer the wavelength, the more infrared can be absorbed.

The most important factor for receiving health benefits in an infrared sauna is raising your core body temperature and sustaining a sweat for 30+ minutes. This is the entire goal!

As a result, your body will excrete toxins, you will lose weight and recycle old cells. You must have a sauna that gets hot. The best surface temperature to heat your body and penetrate deep into your tissue is 200 °F.

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

Wien’s Law of displacement dictates the infrared wavelength measured in microns based on a surface temperature.

Here is the formula:

5268 / (input temp °F + 460) = peak emission wavelength [PEW] in microns

The PEW is actually an inverse of surface temperature to wavelength. The hotter the surface of an object, the shorter the wavelength. The inverse is true as well. As we get a higher micron level, the surface temperature drops and the wavelength becomes longer.

Near Infrared

Near infrared light is represented in the infrared spectrum from .7 microns to 2.0 microns. Using Wien’s Law, this results in a surface temperature of 2150 °F – 7000 °F.
 
In actuality there is no near infrared coming from heat in any sauna application. For example, the temperature of molten lava is 2150 °F. 
 
To get the proper near-infrared wavelength, near infra-red heaters must get as hot as lava.
 
Besides the unreasonable heat requirements, the lower micron level does not help you get the benefits of infrared saunas. This is because near-infrared is far too hot to sit next to for a 30 minute period.
 
What you want is a sustained rise in core temperature over a long period of time. The longer you sweat the better.
 

There are “near infrared saunas” advertised out there. As demonstrated above, there is actually no near-infrared being produced by these saunas. For that reason, I don’t recommend them. They are not nearly as efficient or effective.

Near-infrared can be applied using LED lights (without heat). They do have proven health benefits. However, this is tough to do in a sauna environment as you have to be with 6″ of the LED’s to get any benefit.

Mid Infrared – The Forgotten Band

Mid-infrared is most definitely the least admired infrared light bandwidth of the three. Part of the reason for this is that there aren’t (currently) any mid-infrared sauna medical studies.

When sauna companies say that mid-infrared targets joint pain more than far-infrared they are pulling it out of thin air

Mid-infrared is shown on our light chart in the range of 2-4 microns. This is still a very effective band of infrared light to raise your core body temperature. It is far more practical than near-infrared in a sauna.

In order to get mid-infrared you need to heat an infrared heater up to 850 °F minimum.

5268 / (850 °F + 460) = 4 microns (peak emission wavelength)

This really is the upper limit of what is comfortable to sit next to in a diy infrared sauna application. However, if you sit 3′-4′ from the heater, the heat will have dissipated enough to be comfortable to sit close to while still raising your core temperature.

Far Infrared – The Game Changer

Far infrared saunas actually became popular much earlier than near infrared saunas. When it was discovered that you could skip a step by heating your body directly, (instead of the air and water between, like traditional and steam saunas), it was by using the far infrared wavelength.

The objective of an infrared sauna is to produce a deep and sustained sweat using whole body hyperthermia. Nothing more than that.

To raise your core body temperature, you must heat the body by using an optimal wavelength of light (the Peak Emission Wavelength). This results from the thermal radiation of an object (its surface temperature).

This is important because your body has a limit of the amount of heat it can take. For example, you can’t sit next to molten lava–you’ll die. Therefore, you need to find the balance of heat to comfort so you can sustain a great sweat over 30 minutes.

After 10 years of researching this intensively, I have concluded that this right around the 7.9-8.0 micron infrared range.

As you can see, the peak emission wavelength top is right at 7.90 microns. This means you are getting the most amount of heat at 7.9 microns (which is 185 F° on the surface of the heater).

You still have infrared waves traveling at 6.0 microns and wavelengths traveling at 9.4 microns. The heat is more intense measured right on the heater and dissipates as it gets further away. Hence the hotter (shorter) and cooler (longer) wavelengths.

Why is this important?

Our bodies are made up of over 60 percent water. Different molecules in your body are going to accept and absorb infrared wavelengths in different amounts. The shorter the infrared wavelength the deeper that it can penetrate into your body. The longer the wave-length the shallower the absorption, but at a greater amount.
 
The water molecules in your body absorb a greater amount of infrared than any other molecule in your body.
 
Water actually absorbs the highest amount of infrared energy on the planet. Without water’s ability to absorb infrared, we’d be in a continuous ice age. The ocean absorbs the Sun’s infrared energy and regulates the Earth’s temperature.
 
The greater the amount of infrared energy your body receives, the greater the amount absorbed by your body’s water molecules.
 
The different molecular types in your body are water, protein, connective tissue, fats and carbohydrates. 98.7% of these are water molecules. 
 
The human body is literally designed to absorb and emit infrared heat! Far infrared is absolutely the best method to heat your body in the sauna environment.

Near vs Far Infrared

Far infrared is fantastic for many of the same things that near infrared LED’s are great for. These include boosting metabolic rates, reduce and burn fat cells, improved circulation, increasing cellular energy, faster skin rejuvenation, and faster cellular perfusion.
 
I am in no way saying that near infrared doesn’t have therapeutic value. However, in the infrared sauna environment, it is less than ideal. If you are certain you need near infrared, I would recommend a handheld near-infrared LED light panel that you place directly on top of your skin.
 
I highly encourage you to conduct as much research on near vs. far infrared as you’d like. Always remember to look for the science behind the claims. The purpose of using an infrared sauna is the cumulative health benefits. These can be safely and comfortably attained through far infrared. All the while sweating, losing weight, and detoxifying your body.
 
If you are sitting in an infrared sauna and it is producing heat, you’re sitting next to a far infrared heater, no matter what they tell you!

Why Choose VantaWave™ Heaters Why Choose VantaWave™ Heaters

VantaWave™ Quartz Graphite 200°F Heaters

When I first started to find out about infrared saunas I realized that every infrared sauna company had missed the boat on providing a heater that operated at a comfortable temperature while raising your core temperature.
 
As we’ve gone over, the industry standard infrared heaters simply don’t cut it (they’re either too hot or not hot enough). One day I was in one of the cheaper carbon saunas [not sweating] and something hit me.
 
What would happen if you combined two materials with very high emissivity to get the best of both heaters?
 
The result was the most effective infrared heater ever created. By mixing quartz and graphite together, you get a more emissive heater than carbon at a much cooler temperature than ceramic. You also get a longer, deeper penetrating infrared wavelength.
 
As quartz and graphite are now mixed, you get a blackbody absorption rating between that of carbon and ceramic combined—.95 (quartz) – .99 (graphite) = .97
 
Carbon by itself is 95% emissive and ceramic is 99%.
 
In layman’s terms, this means you get more infrared heat that can be spread over a larger surface area. Think of emissivity as the percentage out of 100 that can absorb infrared.
 
This blackbody absorption rating allows the combination quartz/graphite compound heater to hold a hotter temperature of 200 degrees °F. This is the ideal temperature for an infrared heater. The reason is that you can spread out the heaters to allow for more heat to hit your body from all angles. You don’t want to only heat the back of your body and neglect the front.
 

Let’s input 200 °F into our formula:

5268 / ( 200 °F + 460) = 8 microns

This means that the infrared wavelength is pretty much right in the middle of carbon (9.4 microns) and ceramic (6.0 microns). The Peak Energy Wavelength of the quartz/graphite heater is 8 microns, but remember, this is just an average which can be expressed by a bell curve.

Ceramic heaters are actually the best at putting out the most emissive infrared energy. Ceramic bricks have been used for millennia to hold the heat inside of building. It does this by absorbing the infrared energy from the Sun better than any other object.
 
A ceramic infrared heater has an emissivity of .99. Therefore, more of it will be absorbed by your body’s water molecules and your core body temperature will rise faster.
 
The more infrared light, the more energy that is absorbed by your body.
 
All things being equal, you will get a much better sweat in a ceramic sauna rather than in a carbon sauna. There is just more heat!
 
However, the surface temperature of ceramic infrared heaters is 400 F°. This is too hot to sit 2″-3″ away from as you do when you are sitting on the bench leaning back against the heaters in an infrared sauna.
 
Please remember that comfort is paramount in an infrared sauna. If you are not comfortable, you won’t use your sauna. What is the point then?
 
You need to be able to be close to the infrared heaters to absorb the energy while staying comfortable enough to want to sit there for 30+ minutes.

Why Carbon only panels don’t work

Carbon doesn’t put out enough infrared energy to be absorbed by your body and produce a sweat in 30 minutes.
 
Almost every infrared sauna company that uses carbon infrared panels makes them to have a surface temperature of 140 F° (.95 emissivity). This is lacking the amount of infrared heat (and wattage) to not only raise your core temperature but to raise the air temperature in the room.
 
Your experience and resultant health benefits will be greatly reduced when using only carbon heaters.

The VantaWave™ Solution

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna
We have found the sweet spot with our combination quartz/graphite infrared heaters. Our VantaWave™ heaters are 200 F°. They are hot enough to raise your core temperature and comfortable enough to sit right next to (while leaning back)
 
Additionally, because they have a large surface area, you get an even distribution of infrared light around your body at 360°. This allows you to absorb much more infrared at every angle you are sitting in your sauna.
Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna

You get the best sweat possible whilst being able to sustain that sweat for over 30 minutes. In an infrared sauna, the more sweat, the better.

VantaWave™ Full Spectrum Halogen Heaters

Building Your Own DIY Infrared Sauna
The last type of infrared heaters that have become popular due to “full spectrum” infrared saunas are halogen heaters. Unfortunately, somebody thought it would be good to falsely claim that these heaters produce near infrared. They don’t. The claim of them to be “full spectrum heaters” is false.
 
Halogen heaters happen to be great heaters that produce a very high surface temperature (775°F). They are used across the globe at restaurants for outdoor patios to keep their customers warm.
 
I’m sure you have felt the heat these give off. I have used them many times in a sauna and have sold them to 6/7 continents—people love them the world over. That being said, they aren’t full spectrum heaters! And I can prove it using our nifty formula!
 
Let’s plug in 775°F to see where it lands—near, mid or far.
 
5268 / ( 775°F + 460) = 4.26 microns
 
This is still in the far infrared bandwidth!
In order to get to the cooler end of the near infrared spectrum, you would have to heat an object to 2150°F! This is where near and mid infrared overlap.
 
This is the actual burning temperature inside of a bonfire! You simply could never put something this hot inside of a 4′ x 6′ x 7′ room. It would be a severe fire hazard and you would fry your clients or yourself.
 
How someone in this industry thought this would be good to call “full spectrum” is beyond me. What’s worse is that almost every company has followed suit. This has caused people searching for infrared saunas online to be very uninformed.
 
Most people calling me demand their future sauna to be “full spectrum” without even knowing the benefits of each wavelength
 
They hear the buzzword “full spectrum” and there’s no negotiating. I wish they knew that what they end up purchasing definitely is not a “full spectrum”, “broad spectrum” or “true spectrum” sauna.
 
Frankly it’s all bullshit and the industry is pulling a fast one on the uninformed public (hence this book of an article!) Sorry for the rant, but it needs saying.
 
That being said, halogen heaters happen to be great emitters of far infrared energy. They are made of quartz, which does a great job of keeping its charge from infrared energy and then putting it out as heat. I really do think the sweat you get in an infrared sauna is better having them in the sauna.
 
Our VantaWave™ Halogen heaters are the safest and most effective infrared heaters on the market and are the backbone of our diy infrared saunas. You simply can’t heat large saunas without them as they carry with them a lot more wattage than any other heater.
 

How to Build Your DIY Infrared Sauna How to Build Your DIY Infrared Sauna

Now that you’ve decided on your space and have laid out the door and bench locations, it’s time to construct your sauna. The following sections will guide you along your way. 

Sauna Room Preparation

Take a look at the space in which you plan to install your very own infrared sauna–do not overlook how much space you need. Additionally, make sure you also have a licensed electrician there to install the electrical components and infrared lights.

It is important to take some time to think about these things before you start your own sauna. The list below is not exhaustive, and your general contractor or building inspector may have other considerations for the site at their discretion.

Is the sauna space already framed?

Before installing your own infrared sauna, you’ll need to frame the room. Make sure the dimensions of the space are in line with those listed on the spec sheet for sizing. Make sure to allow a 1″ on each wall for the tongue and groove wood. Always subtract one inch from each wall in the enclosed space.

The framing and bench wood will need to be purchased locally unless otherwise requested.

Is the sauna going to be near a room with running water?

Will your own infrared home sauna be near a bathroom or room with running water? This will require a vapor barrier to protect against leak-related damages in an adjacent room.

Are the walls insulated?

We recommend insulating your sauna space with a minimum of R-13 in the walls and backing the infrared bulbs with pre-cut insulation.

Is the sauna going to be built outside or have exterior walls?

Putting your sauna outside is completely optional. Should you choose to do it, you will want to make sure your sauna is insulated and waterproof.

You might also want to consider adding an additional heater to boost the overall wattage as it is much harder to keep your sauna extremely hot in the coldest part of the Winter.

Does the sauna have windows?

This requires that insulated tempered glass be installed. Sauna Cloud Infrared Saunas® does not supply windows. We recommend a minimum thickness of 10 mm tempered glass.

All Glass Front

A lot of custom infrared saunas can look amazing with an all-glass front panel. If you go with this option, please get tempered glass (10 mm thick).

Wood Framing

Sauna Cloud Infrared Saunas® can provide Interior Wood T&G (Walls, Floors, and Ceilings) Bench Wood S4S (Bench Seat) and trim wood.

The benches are not prefabricated and will need to be constructed by the contractor on site.

Laying Tongue and Groove Wood

When framing the room to studs 16″ on center, ensure that the walls are level before installing wood tongue and groove. Installing furring strips on the subfloor will ensure your floor is level. To lay the tongue and groove wood, you will need to orient it perpendicular to the furring strips.
The sauna interior tongue and groove wood should be mounted horizontally, tongue side up. This will prevent moisture from collecting in the groove. The areas where the junction boxes are mounted will require a 6″ x 6″ window cut out. This will allow for access should it ever need to be removed for servicing. (You can also leave then entire area open where the heaters are located, with no tongue and groove wood behind the heaters)
 
Where the lighting, temperature sensor, chromotherapy and keypad controller harness are mounted, you will need to cut holes to allow proper mounting.

Bench Sub-framing Construction

When building the subframe for the bench, secure the framing to the wall studs for maximum stability and support. Refer to the spec sheet for the finished bench dimensions. Sauna Cloud Infrared Saunas® does not supply any wood for bench construction unless otherwise requested–please speak with your contractor. 

Flip Bench Construction

The power supply box will require access should the system ever need to be serviced by an electrician. Creating a flip bench is the recommended way to allow for access. It is also recommended for commercial installation to add a lock to prevent tampering, injury or damage. 

You can also have a bench seat that is removable this is not advised for commercial or rental properties. The flip bench subframing construction requires a removable support beam ( RED ) that will sit in the cradle system comprised of the 2 x 4” supports ( YELLOW ) to hold the bench. The flip seat should be constructed by adhering S4S to a sheet of plywood see below. 

The fixed bench(es) should be comprised of S4S attached to the framework and have no gaps or spacing between boards to prevent sweat or spillage from dripping onto the electronics housed beneath. Then attaching blind hinges ( BLUE ) so that the seat flips open. All other bench seating should also be adhered to plywood ( Burgundy ). All bench sub framing material will need to be supplied by your contractor.

The flip bench seat and the fixed bench(es) should be installed after the electronic components. Here is a completed flip bench from one of our previous saunas:

How to Wire Your Custom Infrared Sauna How to Wire Your Custom Infrared Sauna

Now that you’ve framed your room and installed your wood it’s time to wire your sauna. The following chapters will guide you along your way. 

Electrical Codes Must Be Followed

Electrical codes are enforced to make sure that electrical installations work properly and are safe. Inspectors don’t play around when it comes to this important topic. Make sure you check your county’s electrical codes and have your sauna inspected.

Additionally, a licensed electrician is required to hard-wire your power supply⁠.

How the Electrical System Works

Electricity is a flow of electrons through a wire conductor.

The electric current in a circuit travels in a loop from one wire as “hot” (usually black or red) and returns through the other wire as “neutral” (usually white). When the circuit is broken, the current ceases.

The system is grounded to prevent a user from being shocked from defects in the wiring.

Voltage and amps:

Voltage is electrical pressure exerted by the power source. Most household fixtures use either 120 or 240-volts. The thicker the wire, the less resistance–so there is less energy lost along its length. Amps and watts are two different types of units to quantify electric current.

Electricity to your sauna:

Electricity flows from the power company, through high-voltage wires into transformers that reduce the voltage to 120 volts per wire. The wires exit the power source, then enter a service panel where they are divided into circuits and distributed to outlets throughout your home.

Most homes have a three-wire arrangement, with two hot wires carrying electrical current to the home and one neutral wire completing the circuit. Homes with two hot wires are able to run 120-volt and 240 volt appliances. Older homes utilize only one hot wire, limiting the electrical service to 120 volts.

Rough Wiring and Ventilation

When framing the room and bench, identify where to put the power strip/power supply box. The power supply should be enclosed inside/under the bench. This is added to avoid accidental contact with water or other liquid that could spill onto the power supply/power strip.

Keypad location should be determined at this point as well. Will you flush mount the controllers? Will you use one or two controllers? One for the inside and one for the outside of the sauna.

Air should flow into a plenum, hallway or another interior room via a wooden vent inside the sauna. The vent should be able to be opened and closed and within reach of someone who can stand normally in the sauna. Venting to the outside wall of a sauna draws cool air into the space, cooling it and reducing its overall temperature. If you can’t close the vent it can diminish the value of your sauna session.

Wiring the Power Supply

When you bring the service into the power supply box, start with Gnd/L1/N1 or (Gnd/L1/L2/N1). This wire will deliver power to the control board, so do not omit it or the system won’t work.

Here is the wiring diagram:

Mounting the Temperature Sensor

Mount the temperature sensor directly opposite where the door opens. This allows it to not be affected by the fluctuation in temperature when the door swings open and closed. When installing a temperature probe, you must insert it ¾” from the finished wall hanging down into the sauna.

Use a low voltage conduit to make the harness more easily replaceable should it need to be down the road. If you need a longer wire for the thermostat, please use figure 8 cable.

Mounting the Control Panels

The control cable should go to the location of where the keypad controller will be installed. Choose a low-voltage harness so that the electric cord can be easily replaced should there ever be an issue.

Wiring the Heaters

Each heater will require a 2″ x 4” or 4″ x 4” junction box with a cover, proper leads (NM(Romex) or MC) with wire connectors (Marrette). The junction box should be mounted near the start of each lead.

Find a balance between tension and taut, so that the wire avoids being too tight or loose.

Wiring the heaters to the power supply:

Using the NM/MC leads, run theM back into the power supply starting with GND/L1/N or (Gnd/L1/L2). a ground is not necessary for the heaters.

Mounting the Heaters

The heater frames can be drilled through using a 1 3/4″ screw that will screw into the tongue and groove wood. It is up to you if you want to screw through the heaters as the 1″ outer edge of the carbon panels can be screwed into.

Mounting Infrared Heaters in the Floor

Infrared floor heaters provide a very nice, even heat under your feet so the heating of your body is in unison in your sauna. Please see the following diagrams to mount infrared heaters under the cedar floor.

Attaching the Insulation

Ceramic fiber insulation allows for the infrared heaters to work their best by pointing all of their heat forward, rather than escaping through the back. Attach the insulation by simply putting it on top of the heater which both fit inside of the wooden heater frame.

Why Buy from SaunaCloud® Why Buy from SaunaCloud®

Questions to ask before you buy

 What is the online reputation of the company you are buying from? Do they have negative reviews/complaints? 

SaunaCloud® has only ever received 5-star reviews by offering the best service you can find.

 What is the surface temperature of the carbon panels they are selling?

VantaWave™ Quartz/Graphite heaters reach 200 F° making them the hottest carbon based panels by 25x.

 Is a company pushing a generic “heater kit” that works in many types of sauna sizes? 

SaunaCloud® customizes every sauna to make sure it’s not only beautiful but makes you actually sweat!

 Are they offering Full Spectrum heaters? It is impossible to heat diy infrared saunas with just a carbon infrared sauna heater.

We are the only company selling Full Spectrum heaters in a custom sauna application.

• Are they pushing a different type of wood than cedar (like eucalyptus or hemlock)? This is to cut their cost. Says a lot about what kind of products you will receive.

We only use the finest Vertical Grain, Western Red Canadian Cedar with no knots! You won’t find a more beautiful wood.

• Is the company you are buying from the sauna manufacturer? How long have they been in business? What is their level of service after the sale? Do they only try to sell you the infrared bulbs?

 What is their warranty? Companies dictate the length of their warranty with how long they believe their heaters to last.

SaunaCloud® has the longest warranty in the industry at 10 years.

Request a Custom Infrared Sauna Quote

 

Get a Free Custom Sauna Quote

 

Sauna Specifications

 
 
“I start every day in the sauna – I love it.” -Doug

I am glad infrared saunas have developed the way they have, because I couldn’t imagine my life without the benefits they provide, like sound sleep, lower blood pressure, less joint pain, weight loss, and clearer skin. Here at SaunaCloud I sell saunas that are some of the best history has offered. My far infrared saunas use advanced ceramic-carbon combination heaters for an amazing sauna experience. For more information on how SaunaCloud’s infrared saunas work and how they can improve your health, download my book The Ultimate Guide to Infrared Saunas. Just give us a call at SaunaCloud 1.800.370.0820.

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Christopher Kiggins | Sauna Enthusiast

Christopher Kiggins | Sauna Enthusiast

I have been writing, learning, educating and generally pointing people in the right direction infrared sauna wise since 2012. Let me know how I can help: chris@saunacloud.com